The Old Testament is often viewed by Christians with suspicion and misunderstanding, this is understandable, it is a long and complicated part of the Bible. This course aims to remove some of these difficulties by building upon the pre-existing knowledge of students using a simple outline originally developed by Melton Short in The Old Testament Made Simple.
The original motes can be found and downloaded on Scrib.com or slideshare.net as well as being viewed below.
This short foundational level course is designed to introduce students to a deeper understanding of what a disciple is, what the qualities of disciples of Jesus Christ are, and how to work to produce disciples based upon the Biblical pattern of Jesus.
One of the great affirmations that Christ made on the cross was,
When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. (John 19:30)
Reading a commentary on this passage at the Preceptaustin website they offer some insightful comments from CH Spurgeon. In English ‘it is finished’ is three words but in Greek it is only one, Tetelestai. It is best to allow Spurgeon to explain this, one of the greatest affirmations of Scripture, in his own words. He explains this word contains,
“an ocean of meaning in a drop of language, a mere drop. It would need all the other words that ever were spoken, or ever can be spoken, to explain this one word. It is altogether immeasurable. It is high; I cannot attain to it. It is deep; I cannot fathom it. IT IS FINISHED is the most charming note in all of Calvary’s music. The fire has passed upon the Lamb. He has borne the whole of the wrath that was due to His people. This is the royal dish of the feast of love.”
But there is more, Spurgeon goes on,
“What a grand utterance (is “Tetelestai”)! Now are we safe, for salvation is complete. The (sin) debt was now, to the last farthing, all discharged. The atonement and propitiation were made once and for all and forever, by the one offering made in Jesus’ body on the Tree. There was the cup; Hell was in it; the Savior drank it—not a sip and then a pause—not a draught (a single act of drinking) and then a ceasing. He drained it till there is not a dreg left for any of His people. The great ten-thronged whip of the Law was worn out upon His back. There is no lash left with which to smite one for whom Jesus died. The great cannonade (“continuous heavy gunfire”) of God’s justice has exhausted all its ammunition—there is nothing left to be hurled against a child of God (Beloved, do you believe these great benefits are yours in Christ?). Sheathed is thy sword, O Justice! Silenced is thy thunder, O Law! There remains nothing now of all the griefs and pains and agonies which chosen sinners ought to have suffered for their sins, for Christ has endured all for His own beloved (1Th 1:4–note) and IT IS FINISHED. Christ has paid the debt which all the torments of eternity could not have paid. Once again—when He said, “IT IS FINISHED,” Jesus had totally destroyed the power of Satan, of sin and of death. The Champion accepted the challenge to do battle for our soul’s redemption against all our foes. He met Sin. Horrible, terrible, all-but omnipotent Sin nailed Him to the Cross. But in that deed, Christ nailed Sin also to the tree. There they both did hang together—Sin and Sin’s Destroyer. Sin destroyed Christ and by that destruction Christ destroyed Sin.”
The traditional Christian cry at Easter is that “Christ is risen.” He is, and it is finished indeed. Maybe it’s a good time for us to celebrate Easter today?
I have not read Dr. Koch’s book only this summary found here. However I did find this summary revealing and not surprising.
In Screens and Teens: Connecting with our Kids in a Wireless World, Dr. Kathy Koch discusses the five lies that technology can make us believe. Our children are particularly susceptible to these lies, digital natives that they are; but we’re hardly immune either! Here are the five lies as illuminated in Dr. Koch’s excellent book:
1. I am the center of my own universe. Technology’s constant pandering to the consumer reinforces the lie that life is all about me, rather than about God.
2. I deserve to be happy all the time. As fantastic as the increased speed of our devices is, immediate gratification can be dangerous, leading to other impulsive behaviors.
3. I must have choices. In a world of ever-multiplying choices, we can begin to feel that choice is the ultimate virtue, that we have a right to always have our way.
4. I am my own authority. Technology reinforces the temptation to only look within oneself to find truth and meaning instead of seeking counsel from friends, Scripture, and mentors.
5. Information is all I need. Having information and being informed are very different. Help your students know how to use what they know with wisdom.
On Philip Yancey’s website he tells of being asked to define what grace is. This is his illuminating response,
I don’t even try. Jesus talked a lot about grace, but mainly through stories. I remember once getting stuck in Los Angeles traffic and arriving 58 minutes late at the Hertz rental desk. I walked up in kind of a bad mood, put the keys down and said, “How much do I owe?” The woman says, “Nothing. You’re all clear.” I said I was late and she smiled, “Yes, but there’s a one-hour grace period.” So I asked, “Oh really, what is grace?” And she said, “I don’t know. [They must not cover that in Hertz training classes.] I guess what it means is that even though you’re supposed to pay, you don’t have to.” That’s a good start to a definition.
During 2015 I spoke at Hope Church In West Bromwich about the use of silence as part of daily devotional time. I had no real theology of silence, I had simply found it to be a beneficial practice but that could do with clarification. Recently as I read Brennan Manning’s book, Abba’s Child, I found something that I think explains more the benefit of time in silence solitude. (I have added my own emphasis).
Brennan Manning writes, “Silence is not simply the absence of noise or the shutdown of communication with the outside world, but rather a process of coming to stillness. Silent solitude forges true speech. I’m not speaking of physical isolation; solitude here means being alone with the Alone, experiencing the transcendent Other and growing in awareness of one’s identity as the beloved. It is impossible to know another person intimately without spending time together. Silence makes this solitude a reality. It has been said, “Silence is solitude practiced in action.”
“It is like the story of the harried executive who went to the desert father and complained about his frustration in prayer, his flawed virtue, and his failed relationships. The hermit listened closely to his visitor’s rehearsal of the struggle and disappointments in trying to lead a Christian life. He then went into the dark recesses of his cave and came out with a basin and a pitcher of water.
“Now watch the water as I pour it into the basin,” he said. The water splashed on the bottom and against the sides of the container. It was agitated and turbulent. At first the stirred-up water swirled around the inside of the basin; then it gradually began to settle, until finally the small fast ripples evolved into larger swells that oscillated back and forth. Eventually, the surface became so smooth that the visitor could see his face reflected in the placid water. “That is the way it is when you live constantly in the midst of others,” said the hermit. “You do not see yourself as you really are because of all the confusion and disturbance. You fail to recognize the divine presence in your life and the consciousness of your belovedness slowly fades. “
It takes time for the water to settle. Coming to interior stillness requires waiting. Any attempt to hasten the process only stirs up the water anew.
Guilt feelings may arise immediately. The shadow self insinuates that you are selfish, wasting time, and evading the responsibilities of family, career, ministry, and community. You can ill afford this idle luxury. Theologian Edward Schillebeeckx responded: “In a revealed religion, silence with God has a value in itself and for its own sake, just because God is God. Failure to recognize the value of mere being with God, as the beloved, without doing anything is to gouge the heart out of Christianity.”